Preservation Alliance of West Virginia would like to share about our 2014 Historic Preservation Award winners. Next, we recognize Monica Miller for the Preservation Achievement Award.
Monica is the Manager of Local Capacity Development for the West Virginia Development Office where she provides funding and technical assistance to local organizations and units of government to enhance their capacity to serve their constituents and improve West Virginia communities.
In addition to the Main Street West Virginia Program which she has managed since 1994, she secured funding for and led the creation of the West Virginia ON TRAC Program. She also provides management to the following community development programs: Neighborhood Investment Program, Growing Healthy Communities, Appalachian Regional Commission and Flex E Grant.
She has provided Main Street consulting services to the states of Delaware, Arkansas, Maryland and New Hampshire. Prior to her work in the Development Office she served as the Administrator of Programming Services and Sales for West Virginia State Parks.
Monica has served in many capacities with the National Trust for Historic Preservation, most recently as Chair of the Board of Advisors, member of the Board of Trustees and vice chair of the Community Revitalization Committee. She served as the first Chair of the National Main Street Coordinating programs. She currently serves on the Executive Committee of the Advisory Board of the WV SBDC, is a volunteer with the WV Land Trust, and served multiple terms on the Vestry of St Mark’s Episcopal Church. A graduate of West Virginia University and the Economic Development Institute through the University of Oklahoma, Monica has been certified by the National Development Council as an Economic Development Finance Professional.
Stephen and Kim McBride have given so much of themselves to the Archaeology of West Virginia. The Fort Project has inspired an entire generation – if you ponder this in the context of all the school children they have reached, it is a true statement of fact. While much of their work has been grant-funded, but it does not come close to covering all project costs. They also frequently contribute their services to the cause. This deserves a statewide public recognition. The dynamic duo husband and wife team from West Virginia, have done so much promote archaeology in West Virginia – through both research and public outreach. Entire schools have been exposed to archaeology as a result of their efforts.
From hands-on history at Fort Warwick to student digs at Fort McCoy to publishing “Frontier Forts in West Virginia,” they are active in their field. They have conducted the only long range research project in WV, have published on their results, and have supported PAWV.
Preservation Alliance of WV is seeking applications for sites to sponsor Preserve WV AmeriCorps members for the 2015-2016 program year. Here is a Word .docx file of instructions and the Site Sponsor Application.
AmeriCorps is a national service program founded in the same spirit as the Peace Corps, VISTA, and the Armed Forces, and other forms of national service. The AmeriCorps program provides members with a full- or part-time service experience in exchange for a modest living allowance and an educational award. The Preserve WV AmeriCorps program is administered by Preservation Alliance of West Virginia (PAWV), the statewide grassroots nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting historic preservation in the Mountain State through education and outreach. Other PAWV programs include preservation workshops, field services, heritage tourism development, and the West Virginia Endangered Properties List.
The purpose of the Preserve WV AmeriCorps program is to promote historic preservation and heritage tourism in West Virginia through historic resource re-use, improvement, and development. Members’ service will focus on historic resource improvement and capacity building by utilizing heritage tourism for economic development, historic preservation for economic development and environmental stewardship, and volunteer management for community engagement. Site historic resources are expected to include at least one historic building and may include museum collection, landscape, structures, and historic districts. Preserve WV AmeriCorps is funded in part by Volunteer West Virginia, the state’s Commission for National and Community Service, and by the Corporation for National and Community Service.
For questions, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Preservation Alliance of West Virginia would like to share about our 2014 Historic Preservation Award winners. The winner of the 2014 “West Virginia Media Award” was WBOY Channel 12.
The popularity of historic preservation continues to grow in West Virginia. Not only do we have dedicated preservationists to thank for this development, but we recognize the positive influence the media has in celebrating historic preservation and in bringing tourists to historical sites.
WBOY Channel 12 made thirteen episodes featuring PAWV’s projects and events across the state and giving PAWV and many historic properties the excellent publicity while educating the viewers. Our field representative, Lynn Stasick was featured in many of them as well as various other staff, board members, and AmeriCorps members.
See one of many clips here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5ToGkSOAZI
Preservation Alliance of West Virginia would like to share about our 2014 Historic Preservation Award winners. Next we recognize “Heritage Tourism Award,” The Heritage Farm Museum & Village in Huntington, West Virginia.
Heritage tourism has proven to be a valuable and major industry for West Virginia and is centered on the preservation of historic traditions, sites, music, stories, and more. Each year, we recognize a project, site, and organization that is making a significant contribution to the heritage tourism industry in West Virginia.
For over 40 years, Mike and Henriella Perry have enjoyed collecting, preserving and displaying various artifacts of Appalachian heritage at their Farm. They have done so, not necessarily to just preserve these items for the future, but more importantly to teach school children and guests about our wonderful ancestors and their remarkable skills and abilities. Appalachian ancestors were able to build their own homes, provide all their own clothes and food for their families and otherwise cope against unbelievable hardships without support of the government or large metropolitan areas. They had to make do with what they were able to bring with them over the rugged mountains and unless they could make what they had not brought, they had to learn to do without.
Heritage Farm currently greets thousands of visitors annually, including many motor coach, school, and traveling public, to learn about our proud Appalachian past through the Way Back Weekends and guided, hands-on tours through six award-winning museums with over 20,000 square feet of completed exhibits. Furthermore, the Farm has lodging and meeting facilities throughout the Village to host everything from small “fireside” chat to large group gatherings on over 500 acres nestled in the beautiful Appalachian hills.
The rehabilitation has been a phased project. Firstly, all the public safety issues where addressed including a new fire escape and miles of fire suppression pipes throughout the huge facility. The Wheeling Convention and Visitors Bureau secured a loan to purchase and bring the theatre up to code. Thanks to the support from other non-profit agencies funding was made available to bring the theatre into ADA compliance. Thanks to the Wheeling National Heritage Area Corporation an elevator was installed to reach the theatre’s ballroom on the second story allowing many people to access this space for the first time in the theatre’s 86 year history. The same agency was instrumental in securing a Save our Treasures grant from the federal government to restore the façade of this striking building. WNHAC also serves as an advocate and offers hands on guidance in preservation. The success of this partnership between the Wheeling CVB and WNHAC has also stimulated significant private investment into the Capitol Theatre rehabilitation project. More than a million dollars was raised to install new seats, carpeting and stage curtains inside the beautiful theatre returning it to its grandeur of the day it opened in 1928. This ongoing multi-year project has brought forth results that not only persevere an important historical structure but has demonstrated the power of partnerships for the common good of the community.
Congratulations again to this outstanding example of historic preservation.
It seems like almost every day, PAWV is debunking myths related to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). There is so much misinformation floating surrounding this listing, and this post is going to highlight the top three myths.
But first, what is the National Register of Historic Places? .
The NRHP is an honorary listing recognizing our nation’s most historic places. According to the National Park Service’s website, the NRHP “is the official list of the Nation’s historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service’s National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America’s historic and archeological resources.” There are 90,540 listings in the NRHP.
Myth 1: Placing a building on the NRHP restricts use or sale of a property.
FACT: NRHP Listing does not place any property restrictions on the owner. Many NRHP properties, such as historic schools or commercial buildings, have changed ownership and maintained the historic listing.
Historic homes change ownership over the years, but the properties are still recognized for their historic significance.
Myth 2: NRHP listing requires the owner to give tours of the property or open it to the public.
FACT: Public property listed in the NRHP often is open to the public for tours and other educational initiatives, but there are no requirements to do this. Many residences and commercial buildings are listed in the NRHP, and the owner can do what he/she wants with the property.
Myth 3: When a building is listed on the NRHP, the owner cannot change the look of the building or demolish it – or must follow certain guidelines for rehabilitation.
FACT: There are no special protections or government regulations to stop demolition or preserve NRHP-listed properties. A property owner can change the windows, paint the building any color, or demolish it. The property owner can also choose not to have the property listed in the NRHP.
However, if a property owner is awarded grant funds or historic rehabilitation tax credits to preserve her building, then she has to follow the Secretary of the Interior Standards for Rehabilitation.
There are several benefits to having a property listed in the NRHP. Listing opens up funding opportunities for historic preservation grant funds and historic rehabilitation tax credits. The listing also recognizes that you own a special place that had an impact on the development of our state and country. It’s a listing that invokes pride and should be valued not avoided.
Have more questions about the NRHP? PAWV gives workshops on the listing and how to nominate a property or historic district to the list. Contact PAWV at email@example.com or by calling 304-345-6005.
Applications are now being accepted for a second round of historic preservation development grants through the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) of the West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Approximately $200,000 will be available for grant awards, contingent upon appropriation of funds from the West Virginia Legislature or the U.S. Congress. Applications must be postmarked by Dec. 10, 2014.
Eligible projects include the restoration, rehabilitation or archaeological development of historic sites listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Properties owned by church organizations or used exclusively for religious purposes are not eligible for funding. Governmental properties that are not accessible to the public are not eligible.
A complete application package, including funding priorities, allowable activities and selection criteria, is available from the SHPO grants staff or from the division’s website athttp://www.wvculture.org/shpo/GrantManual/development.html. For more information about historic preservation grant programs, contact Pamela Brooks, grants coordinator, at (304) 558-0240, ext. 720.
The West Virginia Division of Culture and History is an agency within the West Virginia Department of Education and the Arts with Kay Goodwin, Cabinet Secretary. The division, led by Commissioner Randall Reid-Smith, brings together the past, present and future through programs and services focusing on archives and history, arts, historic preservation and museums. For more information about the division’s programs, events and sites, visit www.wvculture.org. The Division of Culture and History is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
By Cynthia McCloud
Republished with permission from the State Journal, http://www.statejournal.com
A project that would turn the historic Arthurdale High School, seen in a recent PBS documentary titled “The Roosevelts,” into 12 apartments has been flushed.
The developer, AU Associates of Lexington, Kentucky, has discarded its plans after it couldn’t arrange a system to treat and discharge sewage.
Holly Wiedemann, founder and president of AU Associates, said in 25 years of renovating old public buildings, she has never had a project awarded she didn’t complete. AU has completed other projects in West Virginia, including turning the historic First Ward School in Elkins into a low-income senior community apartment complex and turning Clendenin Middle School into 18 units of senior housing and a health care clinic.
‘A big financial hit’
“All we wanted to do was preserve what we felt was a remarkable icon,” Wiedemann said. “It just broke my heart, quite frankly, not to mention it was a very horrific blow to me financially.
“We have lost a significant amount of money since we had to pay for architectural plans, engineering, extensive … testing … it has already passed six figures.”
To pay for the renovation, AU had lined up HOME funds via the W.Va. Housing Development Fund that had to be expended by Nov. 25, 2015, plus federal and state historic tax credits purchased by Clear Mountain Bank, and construction lending from Clear Mountain. AU has since turned back the funds, Wiedemann said.
Arthurdale is the first of 100 New Deal planned subsistence homestead communities founded by Eleanor Roosevelt during the Great Depression to improve the quality of life of impoverished Americans.
Arthurdale Heritage Inc., the nonprofit organization charged with preserving and promoting the properties, had been counting on the $29,000 it would receive from selling the building to AU.
“This was a big financial hit to us,” said Jeanne Goodman, AHI executive director. “We have been counting on this money since May, since the problems seemed to be temporary. We are always hard up for money since we have no steady income but plenty of steady bills.
“This would have made getting through the winter easier and given us some needed breathing room and the ability to buy a few small needed items.”
Goodman said AHI hooked up with AU after the Preservation Alliance of West Virginia added the schools to its endangered property list and she saw a newsletter item about AU’s interest in old schools.
“I feel like my spirit’s been broken,” Weidemann said. “I can’t do anymore. I certainly can’t afford to spend any more in the hopes that this could come up with different answers than I’ve already turned up. I did everything I could.”
Exhausting every possibility
The school site is not served by a public sewer system, and a pure septic tank system wouldn’t handle the volume of discharge from 12 apartments.
AU sought to treat its waste and discharge the treated water.
“We were stunned to discover the area had zero ability to perc,” Wiedemann said. “It’s a clay soil that won’t percolate water. If you dig a hole, water will just stand there.”
None of the surrounding land owned by Arthurdale Heritage Inc. and Preston County Schools would pass either. Even if the soil had passed, AU didn’t have enough land on its site to build a system large enough to accommodate all the gallons an apartment building produces in a day.
V.J. Davis, registered sanitarian at the Preston County Health Department, said when considering a septic system application, he would calculate how many square feet of drain field would need to be installed to handle the discharge from a 12-unit apartment building — an estimated 3,360 gallons a day. Plus, he said, the state requires more land — at least as much as the original drain field takes up — to be available if the system fails and a new one has to be installed.
He said there is not enough property where the old school sits on the plat to put in even one septic system large enough for 12 apartments.
AU tried to find another way.
The West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection regulations don’t allow directly discharging treated water into a stream near the property because it is seasonal. Laws also prohibit building up the land with extra dirt because drip fields have to be installed in previously undisturbed soil. It was cost-prohibitive to pump treated water to an acceptable stream, Deckers Creek, a half-mile away, Wiedemann said.
AU asked Community Presbyterian Church, which owns 14 acres across the road from the school site if they could perform a percolation test. The congregation assented and the land, which is higher in elevation, passed the test. The church asked AU to exhaust all other possibilities before asking to lease or buy its land again.
“We only would’ve needed an acre and a half,” Wiedemann said. “It would’ve been in the woods and you wouldn’t have seen anything.”
Wiedemann asked Preston County Schools if AU could pay to get its waste treated by Valley Elementary’s system or if AU could tap into Valley’s discharge pipe that leads to Deckers Creek. But Superintendent Richard Hicks said the school could not share facilities with private entities.
“Plus, we’re not sure about future expansion of our own out there and what our needs would be,” Hicks said.
David Sneed, executive director of the West Virginia School Building Authority, said his office advised Hicks not to chance the liability.
“There have been situations where school systems have had other entities tied — legally or illegally — into their sewage pipes and treatment plants,” Sneed said. “When there tends to be problems someone else causes, the school system ends up inheriting the costs.
“The county would be responsible for anything on their line if something would go wrong.”
AU went back to Community Presbyterian and the congregation voted to not sell or lease any of its land at this time.
“It is our opinion that the church was not notified soon enough to get all the information we needed to make a good decision as to how to approach the matter,” church member Lorraine Weaver said in the church’s October newsletter.
“At first, AU said they would only need one acre of land, then they said they needed one and one-half acres for the drip field,” Weaver continued to quote. “One-and-a-half acres measures to be 312-by-312 square feet. This amount would take up a very large part of the wooded area, more than we thought.”
The church contacted health department sanitarian Davis for information.
“All I said was if you do lease the property to them, they would need to have a lifetime easement for maintenance and expansion of the system if expansion was needed and we would have to have a copy of the agreement filed with the deed for the property,” Davis said. “You are giving someone permission to put a very large septic system on your property.
“A lot of people just sell the property and it’s not their headache to worry about if the system were to fail.”
Big ideas, no budget
Wiedemann pointed out that any future use of the property will encounter this septic problem.
“I just don’t see any future for it at this juncture,” she said.
Davis said the best hope for future development of the property would be if the public sewer system was extended.
“I really think public sewer is the answer if they’re wanting to turn that into apartment buildings,” he said. “Sometimes large septic systems fail.”
Reedsville Mayor James Wagner said there are no plans at this time to extend public sewer service farther into Arthurdale, about a mile away. The town is still working to complete an extension that took on 53 original customers of the old Arthurdale Sewage Association’s community septic system.
The original school buildings, which were used by Valley Elementary and Valley Junior High, closed soon after the county’s high schools consolidated into one and the middle school students were moved to a different campus in the ’90s.
AHI has owned them for about 10 years and uses them for storage.
“The school district sold them to AHI for $1,” Goodman said. “Rep. Alan Mollohan (D-W.Va.), I believe, got a $300,000 federal grant through Save America’s Treasures, which meant turning over ownership to Vandalia Heritage Foundation, who mothballed the buildings.
“When they finished, they returned ownership to us and there was a 50-year easement so that we would have to return the money if we didn’t keep up the buildings and try to fix them up.”
The board has had lots of ideas for the buildings over the years but no capital to make it happen.
“AHI had idealized plans to make the high school a museum adjunct where the archives and a research library would be,” Goodman said. “Turn the cafeteria building into a rental space with kitchen, and then make the third building an artists’ rental space or something similar.
“We got several small West Virginia University Brownfields grants to look for problems like asbestos and lead paint plus one to do a market study, which was pretty much what we thought for other ideas, maybe senior housing, day care, offices that draw their own traffic like insurance, etc.”
Davis agreed a retail location, which would discharge far fewer gallons, might be able to manage a septic system at the site.
But AHI has no money for renovations to move forward on its ideas.
“It doesn’t make sense to have one building fixed up next to two that are derelict,” she said. “None of the buildings have a working HVAC system.”
By Alex, PAWV VISTA
While events and adventure sports take a brief hiatus around November in the Mountain State, the beautiful hills and winding roads remain for West Virginians to enjoy. This November, take a trip down Route 219. However, don’t just drive down this route, learn about the deep, rich history in this part of the state at “Traveling 219: The Seneca Trail,” found at http://www.traveling219.com/. The project “Traveling 219” is a history and writing project following the tradition of the Federal Writers’ Project from the 1930s. Those working on the project collect stories and help put more local voices from those communities on the radio, newspapers, and the web.
This website is full of oral histories, photos, and written stories about the history along this route. It covers everything from carriage houses to black bear hunting. Read about these great buildings and locations and then proceed to visit them in person along Route 219. Take a short afternoon to see a few of the sights or a few days’ vacation exploring the whole stretch.
Those located more north in the state for whom 219 is a bit too far for a short excursion, can peruse the original 1930s documents written on onion skin paper in the West Virginia and Regional History Collection in the WVU Library. The archives of the West Virginia Federal Writers’ Project are stored here and can be view upon request. The West Virginia and Regional Historic Collection is open to the public and contains floors of archives, history books, and microfilm about the history of the state.
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